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Top 10 Special Features of Puerto Princesa Philippines

Puerto Princesa Philippines is a relatively young settlement. It was well-known as a city only in 1970. The first settlers arrived here almost a century earlier though, on March 4, 1872, celebrated every year later as the foundation day of Puerto Princesa.

Puerto Princesa town, a tropical paradise with a bustling urban center perfect for business with leisure trips. Lush rainforests and white sand beaches are only hours away from the city proper, where a banking and commercial boom has made life easier for workaholics who can never run left from the office.

Top 10 Special Features of Puerto Princesa Philippines


Myth attributes the name Puerto Princesa to a princess-like maiden who in the early days is said to have roamed around the place on certain night-time of the year. On the other hand, practical people attribute the name to the geographical advantages of the place as a seaport logically protected the whole year round and endowed with a depth that can accommodate any size of shipment a royal heaven for vessels or a virtual princess of ports as thus indicated by Spanish Colonizers on the countrys map.

In history, the place was named after Princess Eulalia of Spain, born in 1864 to Queen Isabel II and her consort, Dr. Francisco de Asis. When the princess feel pain an untimely death, the Queen changed the name to Puerto de la Princesa. Eventually, the name was condensed to Puerto Princesa as it is known today.


Spanish Colonizers established the settlement on March 4, 1872 in the course of their exploration of the province. As they scanned the Palawan seashore for a capital site, they came upon a hill with steep declivity. Rowing to shore, they surveyed the hill and discovered an wide plateau which they decided as ideal for settlement.
Soon after, Fr. Antonio Muro even out a portion of the hill to make way for a chapel. (That section is now occupied by the Catholic Cathedral, the P.C. Barracks and the Rizal Park. The Ancient Municipal Building used to be there, as well as an Elementary School). The first mass celebrated in Puerto Princesa appropriated place at a site where a marker now stands.

puerto princesa philippines

In May 1872, the sea port became the center of Spanish Naval Operations in the area because the few natives were peaceful and the Bay met all the Navy is requests. Royal Decrees later provided incentives to settlers, such that by 1883 settlement had succeeded into a town of twelve roads, a hospital and well-built port.
In 1894, Puerto Princesa was known by government authorities as one of the most beautiful towns in the country by virtue of the orderly dissemination of buildings, houses, streets, as well as the cleanliness of the community.
In 1911, the New American Administration made Puerto Princesa the base of the Palawan Provincial Government with Major John Brown as Lieutenant Governor.

The municipality was converted into a city on January 1, 1970 under R.A. 5906 as amended by P.D. 437, through the accomplishment of formerly Congressman Ramon V. Mitra, Jr. Feliberto R. Oliveros, Jr. became the first City Mayor.

Since its foundation, Puerto Princesa has been the courage center of activities in Palawan. Aside from being the seat of public administration, it is the heart of skill, commerce, service, and industry in the province.
Today, under the management of Mayor Edward S. Hagedorn, the City has gained the distinction of being a model city in cleanliness, environmental protection and conservation, and community governance in general.
And so, with a responsive leadership and an motivated citizenry, the tradition of Puerto Princesa being a stunning and clean city lives on.


The town of Puerto Princesa in Palawan, Philippines is located 306 nautical miles southwest of Manila, 205 nautical miles from Panay and about 250 naval miles from Zamboanga. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of San Vicente and Roxas and on the the South by the town of Aborlan. Its western side faces the South China Sea while in its eastern seaside lays the Sulu Sea.

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Puerto Princesa City has a total land area of 253,982 hectares making it the largest City in the country.
The City is contain of 35 urban barangays and 31 rural barangays. The entire area of the urban barangays is 14,716 hectares or only 5.7941% of the entire land area of the City. The largest land area of the City is comprised of the rural barangays with the entire land area 239,266 hectares or 94.2059% of the total land area of the City.



The town has two prevailing type of climate. The type that prevails in the west coast has two distinct seasons: six months dry (November-April), then six months wet (May-October) with the heaviest recorded rainfall in September, While the lowest or driest month happens in February. Western barangays of the City (New Panggangan, Marufinas,Tagabinit, Buenavista, Bahile, Cabayugan, Macarascas, Simpocan, Bagong Bayan, and Napsan) fall within this type. The type prevailing in the east coast has short dry season with changing heavy rainfall months. Dry months have been recorded during the months of January to April. Recorded rainiest month is September.


Temperature is one of the three most important issues in climate as far as plant growth is concerned. The other two factors are moisture and light. Temperature guidance every chemical and physical process connected with plants such as per of solubility of minerals, absorption of water, gases, etc.; synthesis; growth and reproduction. In the animal world, atmospheric temperatures have thoughtful effect in the reproductive as well as productive efficiency of livestock, like milk production in dairy farming.

The town has a uniform high temperature. However, there is no marked difference in temperature between place falling under the first and second type of climate. Generally the warmest months are March, April and May, the calmest are November, December, January, and February.



The town has more or less uniform as well as high relative humidity. The range is from 79 to 86 percent with an annual mean of 84 percent. Fluctuations in virtual humidity affect the rate of evaporation in such a way that if other factors like vapor content of the soil and its temperature and the temperature of the air were momentarily held constant, a lower relative humidity tends to improve vaporization, while in an extreme case, atmosphere approaches 100 percent, evaporation may cease and condensation induced.


The town has two distinct prevailing winds, the northeast (NE) monsoon and the southwest (SW) monsoon. The northeast monsoon commonly sets in October and continues until April. The monsoon blows mainly between north and northeast with a tendency near toan easterly direction at the end of the season. It has a velocity ranging from 15 to 25 kilometers per hour at its height and a normal of 6 kilometers per hour. Rain clouds during the NE monsoon practically lose all the wetness before reaching the southwest part of the archipelago, thus the City and the province as a whole receive no rainfall on the way to the end of the northeast monsoon (January-April).

The southwest (SW) monsoon or the summer monsoon follows the NE monsoon later a transition period of variable winds and calms. The SW monsoon prevails from June to October. It upsets most steadily during July and August although not as steady as the NE monsoon, reaching a maximum velocity of about 35 kilometers for every hour. In October or during the close of the SW monsoon, strong winds occur in the southern part of the town. The southwest winds bring torrential rains but with uneven distribution.

The NE and SW monsoons touch the eastern and western part of the Town. When these winds blow, the seas are very rough. The calm months of the year are from April over and done with June on both the eastern and western side of the City.

GHG Inventory

Puerto Princesa's Greenhouse Gas Inventory exists carbon-neutral. The City of Puerto Princesa believes that pursuing a low carbon passageway is morally correct. Even if it may be considered relatively insignificant contributor to total greenhouse gas emissions, Puerto Princesa hopes to sort a stand against the tendency to wait for others to act before doing ones share, because it is exactly this attitude that has led the world to its current quandary.


Waves of travelers from other Philippine provinces, and even other countries, have turned Puerto Princesa into a melting pot of numerous cultures. Among the original inhabitants are the Cuyunons who posses a rich legacy of folklores and traditions. Native groups include the Tagbanuas and the Bataks, each group with its distinct culture and system of beliefs.


Total number of peoples is about 161,912 (as of May, 2000), Three fourth of the population resides in the urban proper, an urban settlement on the shores of Puerto Princesa Bay. While the predominant local tongue is Cuyuno, Tagalog, Visayan, as well as English are commonly spoken.

Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park

A must-see for first time guests and tourists in Palawan. The longest navigable underground river and reputedly the most gorgeous subterranean river in the world.
Its main attraction is an 8.2 kilometer Underground River that winds through a remarkable cave before emptying into the South China Sea.


At the mouth of the cave, a clear lagoon is framed by antique trees growing right to the water's edge. Monkeys, large monitor lizards, and squirrels find their niche on the beach near the cave.
Guests can also enjoy bird watching, mountain trekking, and exploring the deeper part of the forest .
The park was confirmed a premier ecotourism destination and has been inscribed in theUNESCO World Heritage lists for its outstanding universal value and ecological importance as a natural site of intense beauty.

White Sand Beaches

Perfect, powdery white sand beaches are found in almost all islands and islets in the province. Strands of white sand beaches Hugh the harbors and bays of Palawan's coastline, providing a scenic contrast to the green canopies and the emerald or blue waters.


The islands on the close Honda Bay offer beach lovers unpoint and uncrowded havens so rarely found anywhere else. There are lots of white sand beaches beckoning from the clear blue waters; travelers may go to dive, snorkel, or swim in the gorgeous still waters of the bay, or just sit on the sand and soak up the sun.
Each island offers unlike attractions, and there are plenty to choose from. Among the most popular are Snake Island, with a graceful white sand bar, and Bat Island, from which a thick crowd of bats can be observed flying out at sundown to feed in the mainland.

Honda Bay Islands

Just a couple of minutes north of the city proper, hop onto a boat and Go Island hopping at Honda Bay located in the mid-eastern coast of the city. Grab your pick from dozens of white sand beaches.
Dive sites around here, as the whole area is covered with patches of coral and sand. Submerged reefs may be found close to the surface down to 24 meters. Little reef and aquarium fish can also be found here. Among the well-known dive sites here are Pandan Island which has good reefs near little drop-offs, Arreceffi Island and Panglima Reef where coral boulders and gray reef sharks are found.


Each island at Honda Bay provide different thrills. Snake Island has a sandbar that slithers on the surface of the sea, abundant like the critter that bears its name. It is best for snorkeling, swimming or simply basking in the sand. It can be get hold of in an hour by pumpboat. Bat Island, only 20 minutes away from Sta. Lourdes wharf, is literally teeming through bats which make their way out at sundown to see for food in the mainland.

Scuba Diving


Dive sites are situated from 5 to 40 minutes away from the beach by speedboat inside Puerto Princesa Bay. The closest dive sites are White Beach and Red Cliff, both situated inside Puerto Princesa Bay. These are preferred sites for open water drill dives as they offer slopes and walls that begin 20 (7m) feet from the surface. Colorful reef fish are generally and various coral colonies can be observed in one dive. Turtles and rays are usually sighted amongst soft corals and sandy portions of the location.
Manta rays, whale sharks, hammerhead sharks and other megafauna have been sighted in these waters. But since these animals are wild and free-swimming, we cannot promise you an encounter or set a schedule of their presence. Suffice it to say you may be diving with one of nature's most fanciful marine creations in Puerto Princesa!

Dolphin Watching Expedition

See long-snouted turner dolphins! These warm-blooded and air-breathing mammals known as “lumba-lumba” are very acrobatic animals through a triangular dorsal fin. Its color is dark gray on the sides and white on the belly.
Dolphin watching at Puerto Princesa Bay is the latest water adventure being offered to tourists by the City Tourism Office. See the dolphins at play and enjoy the fun.
Chances of sighted a dolphin are best when the seas are flat. Agitated seas, high winds and extreme glare make it more difficult to see them.


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