Top 10 tribal weddings – The practice of Filipino weddings and the traditional marriages in the Philippines refers to the marriage characteristics as well as wedding traditions set up and followed by Filipino people through years of courtship as well as engagement. These kinds of traditions have extended to other nations all over the world in which Filipino communities are present. The Filipino term for a wedding is “Kasalan” while the root word “kasal” means marriage.
Top 10 tribal weddings – Right now, modern wedding ceremony in the Philippines, custom, as well as tradition has caught the attention and hearts of lots of foreign couples. The styles and fiesta-like atmosphere has drawn them to enjoy a destination wedding in this country.
1. Higaonon Wedding
The Higaonon is among the least recognized ethnolinguistic groups which occupy the North-Central Mindanao. You can find them in Misamis Oriental, Agusan, Bukidnon, and Lanao. There are roughly 100,000 Higaonon members in Misamis Oriental up to Cagayan de Oro City.
The Higaonon indigenous religion does not exist anymore. However, traces still remain in the older generation. Like numerous indigenous tribes throughout the Philippines, they also exposed to other religions, especially Christianity, which motivated their conversion. As a result, marriages, baptisms along with other sacraments are performed in churches carried out by the Catholic priest or perhaps Protestant minister, whatever does apply. When baptized, the native Higaonon keeps 2 names – the Christian and also the Higaonon name.
The Higaonon Traditional Wedding Ceremony
The marriage is arranged mostly by the bride and groom's parents. It is a long and tiresome arrangement process. Before the wedding, the future groom must reside in the girl's residence for one year to show his worth and he is observed by the parents of the future bride.
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The marriage ceremony is sophisticated and expensive. Feasts last for a couple of days at the bride and groom's residence. However, the wedding ceremony of a datu is much more complex.
A typical wedding ceremony starts with wearing of traditional Higaonon wedding outfit. The bride and groom enter a house while the elder bless the ceremony, known as “Dasang.” When inside the house, they sit down together with the leader of Higaonon leader as well as the elders that will execute the ceremony. The 2 candles are put on a plate stuffed with triangle-like objects covered with banana leaves as well as coins. The candles are lit and later on, one more elder recites a few chants, known as “Limbay” that is tonal in nature, as if he sings.
The datu usually the wedding officiant. The datu starts blessing the couple by means of reciting chants and providing them marriage advice. Following the blessing, he gets a chicken, then puts the Bukala – wedding ring on top of the chicken.
After that, he recites the chant as the hands of the couple are positioned on the chicken. The neck of the chicken is slit and poured the blood on the plate. An elder gets a feather and dips towards the plate having blood. The datu after that smears blood on the couple's hands. After the blood ceremony is finished, the couple wash their hands as well as go out to dance as well as celebrate their marriage.
2. Bontoc or Igorot Wedding
Opposite to common belief, modern ethnic weddings usually are not simpler compared to the Christian. They’re as tedious, as costly, and as memorable, or even more.
The Bontoc or Igorot wedding traditions usually range several days. It begins with the giving of the black beans called “faratong” from the woman to the man symbolizing the intentions of the bride to marry.
Later on, the family of the bride sends the salted pork “khakhu” to the family of the groom. This can be countered by sending of glutinous rice “sapa”. These foods are given to their own family members, which includes their relatives.
A significant ceremony follows called “insukatan nan makan” means exchange of food. After receiving the invitation, one of the parents of the groom must visit the bride’s residence and join breakfast together. Afterwards, the parent of the groom likewise invite the bride’s parent for the same meal.
The next step is called the farey in which the bride and a kaulog or her girlfriend will go to the residence of the groom. This means they begin entering each other’s homes and Immediately leave immediately. On the following morning, they will be invited again for breakfast. This can be the beginning of the tongor – to align.
The next morning, only the immediate family are invited for breakfast known as “putut” – to half. This signifies the end of the ritual. After the 2 days of the “putut”, the bride and groom can live as husband and wife but will sleep together for 5 days which is called “atufang period.”
The last step is called the “manmanok” where the parent of the bride invites the groom together with his parents and declare the groom could legally sleep together with his bride. This indicates the end of the marriage ceremony for many Igorots. A non-obligatory “lopis” – a big marriage feast might be done, but it depends on the couple’s finances.
3. Tausug Wedding
The Tausugs or Sulu people still practice traditional marriage. Parents arranged the marriage so the young couple could be married, although they didn't enough time to get acquainted.
Way Of Dressing
The Tausug male wears fitting pants as well as a shirt. A sash is put around the waist with a matching turban. The clothes are made from cotton and weave locally. Often, males shave their hair or cut it very short to indicate social status. The ladies wear Malay sarong. They put on brass accessories on their blouses or perhaps use as a bracelet or necklace.
The Wedding Procedure
1. Pagpasihil (Courting) – the man's parents will ask the woman's parents if she is still single.
2. Pagpangasawa (Proposal of a man to a woman) – Pagpangasawa (Proposing of man to woman) The parents of the guy will visit the house of the woman to ask the woman's hand for marriage. The dowry is being agreed by both parents.
3. Pagturul tayma (Engagement) – Pagturul tayma (Engagement) Within this event the amount of cash or perhaps dowry is declare to the community and also the wedding date is set.
4. Pgtyaun (Wedding) – The day is accompanied by the gleeful faces, vibrant attire, as well as glittering jewelry pieces worn by the host as well as guests.
After the father of the bride had granted the consent, solemnization will occur as part of the procedure. The solemnization imam may lead the groom to the brides quarter at which the grooms thumb shall be firmly pressed between the eyebrows of brides. This procedure completed the solemnization ritual.
Before the wedding, the couple will perform a traditional bath.
During the wedding day, there are lots of tausug food delicacy such as tyulah itum that you can only see in Sulu province. The attendees and guests worn lovely dresses as well as gold, You may also see a various type of decoration.
4. T'boli Wedding
When the child reaches “benahung” or in need of a life partner, the parents look for a spouse of ideal age. This consists of family background as well as economic standing.
The parents go to the prospect spouse’s parents making arrangements for the first marriage celebration. On the latter date set, the girl's parents go to the home of the boy to discuss the “sunggod” with his parents. The price of the bride as well as the Kimo will be provided by the families of the couple that will consist of the bride's belongings.
After the sunggod as well as kimo is decided, the contract is closed upon the sunggod delivery that usually include agongs, horses, carabaos, land, or any other valuable properties from the parents of the boy.
After the mulu, the wedding date is set, After several years, if the kids reach puberty, the exact solemnization date is set, often during the full moon when there is no rain, because the marriage is celebrated in the evening in the house of the bride. On that occasion, the house must be cleaned, having displays of kumo megel ( hand-woven basket) and swords on the rafters, walls.
The igam (mats) as well as tilam (cushions) are laid on the floor. The couple wear their attire in their own houses. After, they go separately on their own vulnerable elders, that sprinkle water on their face, hands, and feet. You can find the constant sound of the agong, kulintang, hagalong, and t’nonggong.
When the bride is all set for her wedding, the groom is notified and that he goes to the bride's house with his whole entourage. The bride waits her groom sitting on the special cushion in the central space.
The bride must be covered with t’nalak blanket before the groom's entrance. On that occasion nobody can go near the bride except for the elders who had sprinkled water on her.
The groom goes into the house along with his sister or other female relative that goes directly to the bride, removing the t’nalak blanket as well as kisses her. The blanket becomes her property, and n turn she must give a gift to the bride in proportion to the price of the t’nalak blanket that she had taken out and received. The groom must sit in a vacant tilam (cushion) close to his bride, careful never to touch her. Only the relatives of the groom and guests are permitted to the house.
The sister bride or other female relative performs the “unveiling”. She will remove th ulew (turban) of the groom and put it beside him in the ceremony called hemwos ulew.
The wedding is performed by the elders that sprinkle water on the couple. The elder of the bride gives food to the groom as well as vice versa. The 2 elders start the first touch among the couple through meeting their knees. This function as an operative act of marriage, then the couple eat in one plate, a celebration associated with hearty applause as well as acceptance from the gathered guests.
Following the meal, both parties represented by their own hulung telu – epic singer, involved in the s’lingon, as well as s’bot mon tulun lingon or known as song debate. The themes usually result in a comparison of the couple's qualities.
The Mo’Nimumis is the final and glorious event of marriage in theT’boli marriage custom. The event consists of 6 feasts that the couples.both family and friends act as mo’ken (host) as well as mulu (guest). The Guno Mo’ Ninum is made with a long-side main entrance. All the outdoor activities are held here like horse fighting, dances, and mock-battles. The Tabule – house-like structure where all gifts are hanging in this area. This is a part of the kio which the groom’s party offers to his bride and her family.
5. Tau't Bato Wedding
Typically, the Tau’t Bato can be found in Palawan, Philippines and doesn't have courtship. Partnering of kids by their own parents is the common process. These people marry very young around 9 and over for the girls as well as 15 and over for the boys. The boy takes care of the girl until adolescence. Nevertheless, it's a concept that he won't sleep with the girl until the start of menstruation period.
The man provides a dowry of saucers, plates, and patadyong fabric. Dowry can be also on a credit basis. At the moment, this can be provided in cash or money.
During the wedding ceremony, the couple will sit together and eat boiled cassava. The bride gets a piece of cassava and gives it to her groom and vice-versa. If the groom's parent puts the saucer over their heads, it means that the couple is now married.
6. Mangyan Wedding
The Filipinos have unusual marriage traditions. Mangyan can be a general term which represents 8 ethnolinguistic groups involving proto-malay origin in which occupies the mountainous region of Mindoro. They are the first occupants of Mindoro, the 7th biggest island in the Philippines.
One of the Mangyans in the southern part of Oriental Mindoro, the courtship requires a romantic quality. Underneath the magical wonders of the moonlight, the young guy will take his native guitar as well as blanket, visits the girl's hut, as well as sings. The girl goes out with him to the forest. There, in certain remote place, the man spread a mat. The girl lies down, while the boy sits at the side throwing out his love feelings through love songs the whole evening. The girl answers him also in songs.
The wedding tradition in Mindoro is similar to the some other tagalog regions. There are lots of traditional customs or perhaps superstitions followed by Filipinos or perhaps those individuals who would like to have a Filipino type wedding. While time goes by, the beliefs began to fade slowly yet not totally vanished.
The bride wears a traditional wedding gown as well as the groom is handsomely dressed in barong. As an addition to the bridal gown, the bride usually wears a white veil and has a bouquet of flowers. The groom must wear a garter that can be removed during the reception.
During the ceremony, the veil sponsors cautiously pin the veil over the bride's head as well as to the groom's shoulder. The secondary sponsors play a role during the wedding ceremony, and every couple has certain functions: lighting of the candles – these candles are lit which represents the union of the 2 families and also to conjure the light of Jesus within their married life, wearing the veil – is put on the bride's head and the groom's shoulders, symbolic of 2 people dressed as one as well as the cord for own ceremonies.
Within Filipino traditional wedding bride and the groom hang on their shoulders a yugal (a silk cord) in the figure-8 shape–to represent eternal loyalty , it's one of many centuries-old wedding customs. The groom provides the bride Thirteen coins, blessed by the officiating priest, being a symbol of his persistence for his wife's joy as well as the well being of their future kids.
At the end of the wedding, a sign from the Priest/Minister, the couple stand up and approach the candles. Once the couple leaves the church, they're greeted and applause by friends and family. In the reception, married couples practice the Filipino wedding tradition of releasing a set of white doves to represent a loving as well as a happy marriage.There'll be music as well as dancing for several hours. The couple will dance the “money dance” in which guests pin cash to them in return for a dance along with them.
7. Manobo Wedding
Manobo simply indicates “people” or perhaps “person”; alternative names consist of Manuvu as well as Minuvu. The phrase comes from “Mansuba,” a mixture of man (people) as well as suba (river). Manobos are found in Cotabato, Agusan, Bukidnon, Davao, Misamis Oriental, as well as Surigao Del Sur.
When it comes to Manobo Tribe, Wedding has been said to become traditionally enforced by parental agreement. The ginsa or asking of marriage towards the girl starts when the 2 familes selected their own datu (bai). The representative of the girl offers areca nut or betel chew towards the representative of the boy. But the representative of the boy nicely declines till the bride's wealth negotiations called kagun begins. Within this kagun, the relative of the groom, especially the datu that is associated with the groom's family may contribute.
The date of the wedding is decided within the duration of time in which the family of the groom can raise the kagun. While patiently waiting, the bride's family needs to prepare the meat, rice, fish, as well as rice wine to be used during the wedding.
At the time of the wedding ceremony, the groom wore a white handkerchief. Then he as well as the relatives will go to the bride's residence. The bride is kept behind the curtain in a separate room with somebody guarding her. The family of the groom knocked at the door. Several of the bride's family may ask the family of the groom for a gift, like clothes or money.
Following the feast, the parents sit on a huge mat intended for the edteltagan he rirey, to show the emblems for the bride's worth. Ten heaps of corn kernels arranged in rows. Every pile represents compensation for the problems obtained by the family of the bride in parenting her. Next the groom's family offers the kagun that might include a house, land, clothes, money, iron, brass, as well as animals. These things are given to the extended family members of the bride, particularly her aunts as well as uncles and people who contributed to the wealth of the bride provided by her father when he got married the mother of the bride.
Once the negotiations is done, the family of the groom offers the tenges – head cloth, that represents the arrangements should be covered firmly to have a happy life. Then follows the seru ritual. The couple sit before a meal of rice. Each one of the spokespersons gets a fistful of rice, molds to a ball, and offered to the couple, that will feed one another. Next the guests participate in the eating, along with a lot of revelry.
The mother of the bride prepares the betel chew and gives to her daughter, who gives to the groom. This action signifies her tasks as well as duties being a wife. The bride and groom will be given advice while the visitors go home. The parents of the groom stay for 3 or more days, where a purification practice of chickens as well as rice is conducted for the soul spirit of the couple, in whose marriage approval is wanted. The groom will go home together with his parents to simply call his gimukod if it remained there when he was away. He doesn't stay away for a long time from his bride's residence since, for each day that he is away, he must give a gift to his in-laws like a piece of clothing.
8. Maranao Wedding
Two days prior to the wedding event, the family of the bride will get together for the “Traditional Kambitiara”. The Maranaw Cultural events will be introduced several days prior to the wedding. The most common include the kambayoka as well as the kalilang.
With regard to the Kambayoka, groups of Onor or perhaps a Maranaw singer gathered and sing typically as a debate. The debate could be in variety of Maranaw history or even a Maranaw descendants as well as mental debates, philosophically convey in type of Maranaw traditional terminology called “kapagongangen”. An event such as this may have a minimum of 2 singers because they will sing alternately within one or 2 nights depending on needed time period.
For the kalilang, it is a different event using the set of agong, kolintang, dubakan with every corresponding player. This is popularly viewed as maranaw instruments, performed publicly that group of players may come as well as challenge one more group of players.
9. Badjao Wedding
Almost Filipino weddings have a traditional touch. The wedding ceremony is usually long and carefully prepared celebrations among the Filipino families. Just similar to any vibrant Filipino weddings, the Bajau wedding ceremony stayed the same, whole, memorable, as well as much-celebrated through the community.
The couples are adorned with stunning jewelry. Several couples wear Chinese gold jewelry. Otherwise, they put on a pearl necklace, watches, and rings. They look similar to a Muslim royal couple.
When couples were arranged to marry one another, both families began the preparations which include the wedding dance rituals.
The Bajaus think wedding being an important event in the community. Planning and also the real celebration continue for 3 successive days along with singing as well as dancing. It is normal in Bajau wedding rituals that the family of the groom shoulders all of the fees.
On the 1st day, panyam, a combination of rice, starch, sugar and oil are prepared as well as given to chosen elders. From 7 pm till midnight on the first 2 nights, the local community gathers for a dance. Many men and women of any age dance. Merriment includes the singing of the Badjau love songs (Tenes), old as well as modern songs are accepted.
During the 2 evenings of dancing, the couple is not allowed to see one another. They simply met after the ceremony.
During the 3rd day, the members of the family visit the groom’s residence to assist in the preparations of food and drinks. The food depends upon the budget of the groom's family. If they've got a larger budget, they prepare string beans, pancit, eggplant, rice, as well as soft drinks. Otherwise, it might be bread as well as softdrinks or fruit juice.
The wedding starts usually around 7am, a Badjaus sacred time. The couple wears their wedding outfits in their individual homes.
The family of the groom bring their foods, like the cooked panyam, to the bride’s home. While family is walking, the community members lead and sing.
The Badajau marriage rite is officiated by a religious leader called Imam. During the wedding ceremony, the Imam holds one tip of a large handkerchief while other end holds by the groom as they walk to the bride’s house. A male relative of the groom brings one sack of rice as the women bring baskets of panyam.
After getting to the bride’s residence, the Imam chant lines, making signs that they are asking the girl’s hand in marriage. The bride’s family members chant back exhibiting they agree to the proposal.
The Imam will enter the front part of the bride’s home. The homes are separated in 2 by the native mat. The bride is in a room engrossed in cloth to hide her from the sight of her groom. While the woman is hidden, the Imam begins the marriage ceremony together with the groom and his father.
Based on study, as the hands are covered with a handkerchief, the toes of the Imam as well as the groom are spread near a little bowl with kamangyan or incense. The Imam speaks the significance of marriage as well as informs the groom of his responsibilities being a married person.
The Imam next proceeds to pray on symbolic offerings of water and food. He whispers a saying on the glass of water and offers it to the groom. The glass is then handed to the covered bride to drink. The ritual signifies their union.
Following the brief ceremony, the Imam starts another chant and go to the room in which the bride is concealed. Eventually, the cloth covering is removed. The Imam goes in accompanied by the groom along with his father. The groom's hand is placed on the bride's forehead. Then, the couple moves in circular motion up to four times.
The little girl comes along with the bride, while the little boy walks together with the groom. On the way, those who are waiting can greet the newly wed. Household things, like a huge wash basin, cooking items, pots, as well as pans are brought towards the community center, in which a stage is to establish with the couple's name as background.
Another important symbol is a big suitcase called maleta, which symbolizes a family of the couple.
The couple performs the bridal dance as other people place peso bills between the bride's finger as well as the groom,which take their turn for a dance. The 2 kids that help the couple will also dance and people likewise place peso bills in between their fingers. The cash collected will be used by the bride and groom in starting up their family.
As a portion of their dowry, the men Bajau also exercise the offering of bride price, in which the groom’s family provides an agreed amount of money to the family of the bride.
The average age for Bajaus to get married is during puberty.
If a Bajau reaches 30 years old and is still single, people notice her/him as ugly and financially incapable. In the tradition, lots of Bajau teenagers got married at the age of 16.
10. Yakan Wedding
Being Muslims, the Yakan men are permitted to have 4 wives. However, polygyny is now significantly uncommon. Many Yakans only have one wife, even though some have 2 as well as a few have 3 or more. Previously marriages were being set up by the parents, however the parents now often think of their children's desires.
The groom along with his family should pay a bride-price, which however she can get it once she has children; this will be transferred back to the children. A larger bride-price will be paid to the bride's parents.
All expenses regarding the wedding are handled by the groom. It had been previously favored that the young bride and groom be associated, however, this is currently regarded as of less significance. Normally the newly married couple lives for a while with their parents of their choice. Later, they will set up their own home.
Married couples have their separate owned property; what they obtain will become their common property. Divorce isn't uncommon, and could be initiated by both spouses. When the wife wants a divorce, she will return the bride-price, whereas this isn't the situation if the husband likes a divorce.
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